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• 15 million—Number of cancer survivors in the U.S. today.

• 3 million—Number of cancer survivors in 1971.

• In the U.S. men have a 1 in 2 lifetime risk of developing cancer.

• In the U.S. women have a 1 in 3 lifetime risk of developing cancer.

• Estimated over 39,000 deaths in Texas were attributed to cancer in 2010, and of those, lung
and bronchial cancer are the greatest cause.

• Most progress in the last 20 years lies in treatment and cure of childhood leukemia, adult breast
cancers, prostate cancers, testicular cancer (because of early detection), and Hodgkin's Disease.

• These successes are testimony to the research of scientists who were once graduate students.


The Andrew Sowell-Wade Huggins or Cancer Answers/Sylvan Rodriguez Scholarships at The
University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston are based on the excellence
of students’ scientific research studies.

These awards encourage the brightest students to accomplish their biomedical research projects
about all types of cancer, including neuro-oncology; gastro-intestinal oncology; gynecologic
oncology; genitourinary oncology; dermatologic oncology; testicular oncology; osteo-oncology;
endocrine tumors; hematopoietic malignancies; leukemia; mammary malignancies; and pancreatic,
biliary, pulmonary(lung) and hepatic (liver) cancers.

Since aberrations in normal cells contribute to the growth of cancer at the molecular level, even
by studying normal cells, students are exploring and defining the mechanism of cancer. Studies of
pure genetics also contribute to cancer research since cancer is a genetic disease. Students are
investigating the processes of radiation, chemotherapy, new drug development and delivery, as
well as signal transduction, all of which contribute to detecting or treating multiple cancers. Our
help gives added support to seasoned faculty to proceed in these vital areas and strengthens both
their resolve and that of their students to find the answers.